>The knowledge is quite limited though. IT is like trying to apply Newtonian physics to the quantum level.
But we don't try to apply it to the quantum level. Marxism doesn't go down to individual scale. It is the subjective theory that is extrapolated to the level of society.
>It is the other way around. Individuals determine society. You are trying to apply a linear cause-and–effect explanation to a feedback loop. This also ignores outliers who do not follow societal cues.
Individuals do indeed determine society, but not as they would like. Individuals are not autonomous, even in an uncivilized condition, humans where interdependent.
>He would still be a genius. He would just apply it to a different field.
No, that's not the case. While he would still possess the potential at birth, he wouldn't be educated in the same way if at all, he wouldn't be able to theorize if he had to work all day and in the end he would end up dying as a normal guy.
>Also, could you provide proof of this “exploitation”?
Sure, let's make an example.
To make things clear, a capitalist is the person who owns capital and nothing else. If the capitalist manages his business or works in it, he is taking on the role of a worker and should be paid accordingly.
So, we have a capitalist with a big business and capital. Due to calculations by the economic team, a new investment is made. Employees manage everything from buying the land, infrastructure and raw resources, hiring workers, transferring products, sales etc. The money that the capitalist gets excluding wages and maintenance are not a fruit of his labor and therefore exploitation.
>Comparative advantage explains how both trading nations become wealthier from these transactions than they would if no transaction took place
This would be the case if each nation was independent(economically). Also hPost too long. Click here to view the full text.